What are the basic types of roof?

Choosing a roof shape is more difficult than it seems. There are many different types of roofs and they all have unique properties. The aforementioned styles (gable roofs, hipped roofs, jerkinhead roofs, mansard roofs, mansard roofs, and salt box roofs) are all pitched roofs. Think of your first crayon drawing of a house.

You probably drew a gable roof. It is basically a triangle with the base resting on the house and the two sides rise to meet the ridge. Slopes can vary dramatically on the gable roof, from steep chalet-style designs to gently sloping roofs. The Dutch gable roof is another combined style roof that uses gable and hipped roof design elements.

A miniature gable roof, or “gablet”, stands on a traditional hipped roof. Imagine a classic red barn with white trim, and you just imagined a mansard roof. Its two sides have two slopes each, one steep and the other soft. The design allows the use of the upper floor, either as a mansard room or loft.

Adding windows to the sides of the mansard roof can bring natural light and increase the use of the upper floor. Steep sections of mansard roofs are highly visible, so homeowners should carefully consider the appearance of their shingles. A traditional hipped roof consists of four slopes of equal length that come together to form a simple ridge. However, there are variations, such as a half hip that has two shorter sides with eaves.

If you have a hipped roof, you may have already noticed that most of the roof is visible when you look at your home. The type and color of roofing shingles you install on a hipped roof will make up a large part of the overall exterior appearance of your home, as it is highly visible. The Louvre Museum in Paris is an excellent example of the mansard roof, which takes its classic form from French architecture. This four-sided design with double earrings has very pronounced lower slopes, which can be flat or curved.

Although the mansard roof originated in France, it quickly became popular in the United States. The style allows homeowners to make the most of the upper floor with plenty of interior attic space and multiple windows, and looks especially attractive when dormers are added. If you prefer modern home designs, you're likely to appreciate a shed roof. This “slanted” style resembles half of a traditional gable.

While it has long been used for porches and additions, the shed roof now adorns the entire structure in ultramodern constructions. Most shed roofs tend to have lower slopes, with 4 at 12 and below the most common, although steeper slopes will accelerate water runoff. Homes with shed roofs tend to be unique structures that reflect the style and personality of their owners. Shed roofs allow for some interesting window placement opportunities, from small rows of glass panels directly under the roof to large windows at the front of the house.

As is clear from the name, a flat roof is flat. However, it can have a slight slope of up to 10 degrees. This roof can be used as a living part of the building. It's perfect for hot countries without cold weather or severe snowfall.

A shed roof is a roof that slopes downward in only one direction. The angle of inclination may differ and can be as steep as desired. This type of roof was first used in architecture in the 1960s and is now popular in Africa. These structures are very simple and practical.

In hot countries, the angle of this roof can help prevent the building from overheating, and in northern countries, it will allow snow to go down and keep the roof clean. A gable roof has two roof sections, both sloping downwards. It's versatile and popular all over the world. Its characteristics are the simplicity of planning and construction and the resistance to the elements.

A gable roof is one of the basic types of roof widely used as is and in combination with other types of roof. This is a combination of the gable and hipped roofs mentioned above. Small hips are added to the sides for decorative purposes. This is a mixture of a hipped roof with a small gable element on the top.

All of these variations are designed to be aesthetic and add a unique look to your home, while remaining practical in use. A hipped barn roof is a hipped roof with the top that has a greater hip angle than the entire roof. These roofs offer less shade compared to gable roofs, which can be a crucial factor when planting a garden around the house. A salt box roof is an asymmetrical gable roof.

One side is short and the other side is long. The angle of each side is different, which means a different wall height. These roofs were popular in the United States in the 17th to 18th centuries. Its name comes from the shape of the wooden salt boxes popular in those times.

Allows for additional living space and is quite practical in windy, rainy and snowy climates. A bonnet roof is a type of hipped roof with four sides. Each side has two slopes, with the higher slope being substantially steeper than the lower one. This lower part provides additional shade and keeps the sides of the house safe from the rain.

It comes from France and looks very elegant. Discover the 36 different types of roofs for a house. This gallery includes great roof design illustrations so you can easily see the differences between roof types. Includes A-frame, hood, gable, hip, mansard, butterfly, valley combination, shed and more.

Sometimes it is used only in one part of the house, this type of roof is a single sloping surface. To wrap your mind around this style, think of it as a flat roof that has been tilted slightly or as half of a triangular roof. You can create a unique shape for part of the outside of your home. Gable roofs are also known as pitched or peaked roofs.

These roofs are some of the most popular types and have wide use in the U.S. UU. Triangular shapes make them easy to recognize. The advantage of gable roofs is that they easily remove water and snow, provide attic space or vaulted roofs, and allow better ventilation.

Simple design makes them affordable and easy to build. The only downside to these roofs is that they don't hold up well in areas with high winds or hurricanes and can shed material in the face of high wind speeds. Jerkinhead roofs combine elements of gable and hipped roofs. Sometimes these roofs are referred to as clipped gable roofs or English hipped roofs.

They are more stable than a normal gable roof; trimming or turning the tip down makes the roof more stable. They also offer more space than traditional hipped roofs. However, while these roofs can have complex designs, the more complex the design, the higher the costs. Here are 12 roofing materials to consider when it comes time to replace your roof.

Roll roofing material is the mainstay of low-slope residential roofs, as well as outbuildings, such as shops and sheds and other utilitarian structures. Roll roofs consist of long rolls of mineral impregnated and asphalt impregnated material covered with mineral granules. Each roll is approximately 100 square feet of roof and approximately 3 feet wide. These large format thin roofing strips offer a quick, convenient and economical way to cover a pitched roof building, such as a workshop, where appearance is not important.

The roll roof can be applied with the torch method or with roofing nails. Recessed ceiling (BUR) is one of the oldest material options for flat roofs or roofs that have a very low slope. BUR systems are constructed with several layers of asphalt impregnated roofing felt that is hot applied. The felt is applied in overlays to form a barrier two to four layers thick, then a layer of finely crushed stone is embedded in hot tar over the top to create a very durable and impenetrable roof.

Asphalt composite shingles are the most popular roofing material in North America. Made from a fiberglass base covered with asphalt and mineral granules, these three-tab shingles are a good choice for most home roofing needs. They usually come with a 20- to 30-year warranty, and replacing individual shingles that are damaged is a pretty easy job. Practically every roofing company is familiar with the installation of these.

Composite shingles excel at flexing and adapting to roof movements due to expansion and contraction. There are many varieties to choose from depending on the type of roof, the look you want and your budget. However, keep in mind that asphalt is not as durable or as durable as other roofing materials, and if you live in an area that is facing extreme weather conditions, such as hailstorms, windstorms, heavy rains, or even earthquakes, tornadoes, and hurricanes, you may want to look for other types of roofing materials. An M-shaped roof is basically a gable roof with two sloping sides that meet in the middle with corresponding slopes on each side.

You may think that there is only one type of roof, but there are many different styles and gradations of each. Trying to figure out the different types of roofs, roof designs and styles, and what roofing materials work best for your home can be overwhelming. Basic gable roofs can use all types of roofing materials, including but not limited to asphalt shingles, cedar shingles or shingles, slate, and clay or concrete shingles, especially if you are building a standard or basic gable roof. That said, keep in mind that the living space under this type of roof can have sloped ceilings and be less spacious than the space offered by other roof styles.

Although the name comes from the Latin “gamberal” or French gamberal, which means hock or horse leg, that name for this type of origin originated in the United States, with the European name for the style “curb” or “curb”. A mansard roof, also called a French roof, is a type of mansard roof, which has two slopes on each side. You can also Google different types of ceilings with images to see what the different designs and names of roof styles look like in real life. If you're not sure what type of roof design or style you have, below you'll find 13 different types of roofs.

In this type of cover, the ends are left open to join directly to the walls, there are no additional benefits between the two, the choice is based solely on aesthetics. In addition to the type or style of roof you choose and the climate of your region, you'll want to consider what type of roofing material works best in your area, the type of roof you want, and your budget. . .