Two main types of roofs are flat and sloped roofs. The aforementioned styles (gable roofs, hipped roofs, jerkinhead roofs, mansard roofs, mansard roofs, and salt box roofs) are all pitched roofs. Think of your first crayon drawing of a house. You probably drew a gable roof.
It is basically a triangle with the base resting on the house and the two sides rise to meet the ridge. Slopes can vary dramatically on the gable roof, from steep chalet-style designs to gently sloping roofs. The Dutch gable roof is another combined style roof that uses gable and hipped roof design elements. A miniature gable roof, or “gablet”, stands on a traditional hipped roof.
Imagine a classic red barn with white trim, and you just imagined a mansard roof. Its two sides have two slopes each, one steep and the other soft. The design allows the use of the upper floor, either as a mansard room or loft. Adding windows to the sides of the mansard roof can bring natural light and increase the use of the upper floor.
Steep sections of mansard roofs are highly visible, so homeowners should carefully consider the appearance of their roofing shingles. A traditional hipped roof consists of four slopes of equal length that come together to form a simple ridge. However, there are variations, such as a half hip that has two shorter sides with eaves. If you have a hipped roof, you may have already noticed that most of the roof is visible when you look at your home.
The type and color of roofing shingles you install on a hipped roof will make up a large part of the overall exterior appearance of your home, as it is highly visible. The Louvre Museum in Paris is an excellent example of the mansard roof, which takes its classic form from French architecture. This four-sided design with double earrings has very pronounced lower slopes, which can be flat or curved. Although the mansard roof originated in France, it quickly became popular in the United States.
The style allows homeowners to make the most of the upper floor with plenty of interior attic space and multiple windows, and looks especially attractive when dormers are added. If you prefer modern home designs, you're likely to appreciate a shed roof. This “slanted” style resembles half of a traditional gable. While it has long been used for porches and additions, the shed roof now adorns the entire structure in ultramodern constructions.
Most shed roofs tend to have lower slopes, with 4 at 12 and below the most common, although steeper slopes will accelerate water runoff. Homes with shed roofs tend to be unique structures that reflect the style and personality of their owners. Shed roofs allow for some interesting window placement opportunities, from small rows of glass panels directly under the roof to large windows at the front of the house. The Dutch roof is basically a hipped roof with a small gable at each end.
The result is easier access to the lower part of the roof with the added benefits of natural light and additional space. It is a French design and is more difficult to build than the hipped or gable roof. The mansard roof actually has two slopes inside one on each side. The lower part of the roof slope is steeper, so the roof slope is just beginning.
This allows for more space inside and, in most cases, creates additional space. Most flat roofs aren't really 100% flat, they're low-slope roofs that look flat, but have a bit of a slope to allow water runoff. The shed roof is similar to a flat roof, but has more slope, often used for additions or with other roof styles. A dormer is more of an addition to an existing roof.
It is a window and a roof (gable, hipped, flat, among others) that protrude from the existing slope of the roof. A functional attic creates usable space outside the ceiling, adding natural light and headroom. An M-shaped roof is basically a gable roof with two sloping sides that meet in the middle with corresponding slopes on each side. Not long ago, asphalt shingles, slate, clay, or concrete shingles were the only options for roofing.
Today, advanced roofing materials offer an unprecedented range of alternatives, as well as a new look for existing materials. Advanced solar collectors integrate seamlessly into existing roof tiles and generate up to 1 kilowatt of energy per 100 square feet. They are particularly good for sunny roofs in homeowners' associations that ban typical solar panels. While they can help offset energy costs with solar energy, they also cost more than traditional solar options.
Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing materials in the United States because they are effective in all environmental conditions. Quality varies widely, so ask if they pass ASTM D3161, Class F (110 mph) or ASTM D7158, Class H (150 mph) wind tests and durability AC438 Interlocking panels mimic slate, clay, or shingles and resist damage from heavy rain (up to 8.8 inches per hour), winds of 120 miles per hour, lifting, hail and freeze-thaw cycles. As a result, they are an economical and effective option for humid and windy regions or areas prone to wildfires. Some stone-coated steel roofs are guaranteed for the entire life of the house.
Slate roof lasts more than 100 years. Does not burn, is water resistant and resistant to mold and mildew. Whiteboard is effective in humid climates, but it is expensive, heavy and can break easily when stepped on. Keep this in mind if you live in an area that experiences hail.
The rubber slate has a natural look and can be cut with a knife to fit intricate roofs such as those found in Victorian homes. Rubber slate roofs can last 100 years, but can be damaged by satellite dishes and walking, so they can also be susceptible to damage from hail, similar to slate. Roofing professionals trained to install rubber slate can be difficult to find. Clay and concrete shingles can withstand damage from tornadoes, hurricanes, or winds of up to 125 miles per hour and even earthquakes, according to a summary of experimental studies on the seismic performance of concrete and clay roofing tiles from the University of Southern California for the Tile Roofing Institute.
They are good in hot and dry climates. They may need additional support to support their weight and are likely to break when you walk on them. Green roofs are covered with plants and can improve air quality, reduce water runoff, and insulate homes to reduce urban heat islands. However, they need additional structural support, a vapor barrier, thermal insulation, waterproofing, drainage, seepage of water, soil, compost and plants.
Its estimated lifespan is 40 years. This heavy roof consists of layers of asphalt, tar or adhesive covered with an aggregate and is for flat roofs only. Tar and gravel roofs, also for flat roofs, are best for roofs with heavy foot traffic. These roofs can get sticky in summer, and it's harder to shovel snow off these roofs compared to smooth surfaces.
They can last from 20 to 25 years. Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing material for homeowners today. They are relatively cost effective compared to the other types, are widely available and come in many styles and colors. And while the silhouette of a gable roof may seem relatively simple, it's actually made up of a few different panels.
Simplified gable roofs are a long, triangular prism with three essential components for this roof style. Two sides of a gable roof are sloped at an angle similar to that of a pitched roof. These tilted angels lie along a central ridge that runs parallel to the length of a house. The pediments themselves are the vertical and triangular section of the wall exposed between the inclined sides at each end, together with the parts of the wall extending from the bottom of the eaves to the peak of the ridge.
In terms of more affordable roofing options, synthetic roofing products are designed to be strong and easy to maintain, with some materials boasting fire-resistant construction. Next, you probably already know that there are a variety of roof styles or types of roofs that are popular in different areas. A variation of a hipped roof, pyramidal roof types keep all sides sloping toward the walls and, depending on the size of the building, can have three or more rectangular faces. These types of roofs also have pediments at each end for a triangular silhouette when viewed from both sides.
Box gable roof types have a triangular extension at each end of the structure, with the section of the roof being custom boxed at the end. Trying to figure out the different types of roofs, roof designs and styles, and what roofing materials work best for your home can be overwhelming. The types of intersecting roofs feature a combination of gable and hip silhouettes to finish off more intricately built houses for a more dynamic, grander, but still completely classic visual effect. Wood shingles, asphalt shingles, or slate are commonly used for mansard roofs, but many types of metal roofs are also a good choice and can decrease the need for repairs.
With one of the most striking silhouettes among modern roof types, M-shaped roofs give the impression of a bold zigzag horizon, making even the simplest and most sober buildings even more striking. With so many different types of roofing materials and shingles available, it can be difficult to determine which roofing materials work best for your project. Basic gable roofs can use all types of roofing materials, including but not limited to asphalt shingles, cedar shingles or shingles, slate, and clay or concrete shingles, especially if you are building a standard or basic gable roof. Following the example of a classic hipped roof, hipped and valley roof types work best when a building needs a combination of roof types and angles to facilitate the architectural elements of the structure.
Probably one of the most talked about types of roofs of all, solar panel roofs, have come a long way. I'll call you about this and tell you exactly what kind of material you'll need so you know what to say to the roofers when it comes time to build the roof. Combined, gable and valley types of roofs allow full use of the arched space of the interior and are a classic choice for homes of any size, as they help maximize space. Metal roofing is another increasingly popular option, due to their strength, lower maintenance of metal roof repair, and ability to mimic most other roofing materials, such as slate, clay tiles, or wooden slats.